Updated guidance for fighting forest fires
As a result of changes to the risk assessment and to the capacity for dealing with forest fires, an updated edition is now being published with new sections, revisions and additions.
The aims behind this guidance document are the following: to improve knowledge of practical measures and considerations that need to be taken in a forest fire operation; improve knowledge of aerial resources such that the use of those resources is optimised; improve knowledge of fire behaviour, particularly under extreme conditions; improve knowledge of risk reduction measures; and provide experience and knowledge transfer from earlier forest fires.
”The guidance is intended to be a support reference for municipal rescue services, for instance, who carry out the actual firefighting in the terrain. It is part of a general effort to strengthen preparedness for future forest fires,” says Mette Lindahl Olsson, Head of Natural Hazards and Decision Systems Section at The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB).
The rapidly changing risk assessment increases the need for methods adapted to new and more severe conditions. At the same time resources for dealing with forest fires are also developing. MSB will therefore revise the forest firefighting guidance document and publish new editions as needed. The second edition of the guidance is now ready.
The guidance document also includes a memorandum regarding the SiTaC symbol library, intended to launch the use of the symbol library in reference to forest fires around the country. The symbol will be available on msb.se shortly.
For this second edition MSB has worked closely with the Swedish Coast Guard and the Swedish Maritime Administration. The author from MSB and the contact person for questions regarding the guidance document is Rickard Hansen at the Unit for Natural Disasters and Decision Support Systems.
New sections in the second edition:
- Closure of navigable channels (Tactics when extinguishing forest fires)
- Grid system (Situation report, documentation and maps)
- The capacity of the Coast Guard Air Patrol
- ACO, Air Coordinator
- MSB RIB Lupp
- MSB’s reinforcement resources with forest fire depots and high capacity pumps
Revisions and additions in the second edition:
- Direct attack
- Hose system or sprinkler system
- Night work
- MSB’s airborne resources
- Use of thermal imaging cameras (Securing the periphery of the fire)
- Water bombing tactics
- Forest fires near populated areas
- Personal injury risks